Shades are created by adding black to a color. This darkens the color and creates a more muted or subdued version of the original color.
In art and design, shades are often used to create a range of different tones and moods by varying the amount of black added to the color. They can also be used to create variations of a color by mixing it with different shades of black.
In graphic design and printing, shades are used to create images and designs using a process called CMYK (cyan, magenta, yellow, and black). These shades are created by adding varying amounts of black to the color to create different tones and moods.
Overall, shades are created by adding black to a color, and are used in art, design, and printing to create a range of different tones and moods.