Formal symmetry is a principle of art that refers to the arrangement of visual elements within a composition in such a way that it appears balanced and harmonious. Formal symmetry can be achieved through the use of geometric shapes and patterns, as well as through the use of color, texture, and other visual elements.
Formal symmetry can create a sense of balance and stability in an artwork, drawing the viewer’s eye through the composition. It can also create a sense of order and harmony, which can be calming and soothing to the viewer.
However, it is important to note that formal symmetry is not the only way to create balance and harmony in an artwork. Other techniques, such as asymmetrical balance or dynamic balance, can also be used to create a sense of movement and energy within the artwork.
Overall, formal symmetry is an important principle of art that can be used to create a sense of balance and harmony within a composition, but it is not the only tool available to artists.