Abstract art is a form of art that emphasizes the use of geometric shapes, colors, and forms to create visual compositions. It emerged in the early 20th century as a reaction against the traditional representational styles of painting and sculpture, which focused on depicting recognizable objects and scenes from the world around us.
Abstract artists sought to create works that were more concerned with the visual qualities of the artwork itself, rather than with any external referent or subject matter. They used a wide range of techniques and materials to create their compositions, including painting, collage, printmaking, and sculpture.
Abstract art can be seen as a reflection of the broader cultural and intellectual trends of the time, such as the rise of modernism and the rejection of traditional forms of representation. It has had a significant impact on the development of contemporary art, and continues to be an important and influential genre today.